Over 2,500 varieties of Mango are grown throughout the tropics and these give us a delicious tropical fruit. Mangos once eaten provide the composter with the peel and seed to add to the compost bin. Any Mango flesh not
eaten will breakdown quickly when added to the bin, or wormery. Peel will be decomposed more slowly but will rot more quickly if cut it into thin strips before adding to the bin or the complete skin can be added along with other
However, if significant quantities of mango peel are to be composted a hot composting system is recommended using fresh cow dung (3:1 ratio) and 2.5% Urea dissolved in water. The compost bin is every three or four days and should
be ready in about a month. The compost may need soaking when turned to moisture level of about 50%.
The mango seed can be composted but this will take a longer to compost and, like eggshells, will not be decomposed the
first time it passes through a cold composting system. These seeds can take years to decompose in the compost bin, it is just a case of putting them back into the bin for another year or two when harvesting the compost. However,
you might find that they germinate in a cold compost heap and can be transplanted to provide you own tree (or orchard). Soaking the seeds in boiling water is recommended as this will speed up the decomposition process and prevent germination in
Leaves from Mango trees can be composted in the normal way and are suitable for vermiculture. The dried leaves can also been ground with a pestle and mortar or a shredder and used as an organic fertiliser/mulch.
I have found
one reference (not in a scientific paper) that states that Mango leaves contain terpenes that inhibit the growth of other plants, but this should evaporate/breakdown as the leaves dry or are composted